The word "shock" is often interpreted as a feeling of surprise, indignation, or is associated with other similar emotions. But its true meaning has a completely different character. This medical term first appeared at the beginning of the eighteenth century, thanks to the famous surgeon J. Lutt. Since then, doctors have widely used it in special literature and medical history.
Category First aid
It's no secret that mercury fumes are extremely poisonous. However, man encounters this metal both in everyday life and in production. What is mercury? At room temperature, this metal turns into a silvery-white liquid, which gradually evaporates in air, releasing toxic fumes.
Poisoning chemicals (OHV) or emergency chemically hazardous substances (AHOV) are extremely dangerous to human health and life. Usually they enter the human body by inhaling them from the air. Some of them are so strong that they can lead to the death of an infected person almost with lightning speed, and only a few milligrams of a dangerous substance will suffice.
Properly provided first aid for fractures helps not only to preserve the health of the victim, but also life. By reducing the risks of possible complications, rescuing from a disability, medical assistance provided before the ambulance team arrives should be included in the list of skills even for the townsfolk. Measures aimed at minimizing the development of side effects here are practically the same as in case of dislocations.
First aid for bruises is an important summary of the rules that even ordinary people should know. Emergency first aid can eliminate the risks of subsequent complications and side effects. A bruise is called closed damage, as is often the case with dislocations. But in this case, we are talking about the deformation of tissues or an internal organ without significant destabilization of their structure.
Epistaxis or epistaxis occurs in 60% of the world's population. Most often, the condition develops in patients under the age of 10 or older than 50 years. According to statistics, most cases of bleeding occur in men. With one type of blood loss, the patient can cope on his own without harming the body; others require attention from the doctor.
First aid for dislocations helps limit the list of possible complications in the future. However, not all patients understand the difference between the classic dislocation and other similar lesions such as fractures and deformities of the joint bag. Dislocation in professional terminology is called the displacement of the bone at the point of its attachment to the joint.
When a person has acute respiratory failure, the organs cannot receive enough oxygen for normal functioning. Acute oxygen deficiency of tissues can develop if the lungs cannot independently remove carbon dioxide from the blood. This is one of the emergency situations that occurs on the background of external breathing disorders.
First aid for a snakebite should be provided as quickly as possible in order to have the desired effect. Unlike insects, snakes usually rarely attack first. Often, the victim himself provokes them, whether this is an intentional or unintentional action. Sometimes a person misses the moment of bite itself, which is typical of situations when the reptile was hiding, and was not immediately noticed.
First aid for wounds is designed to reduce the risks of serious complications such as infection through the open wound surface with various pathogens. The more promptly assistance is provided, the higher the chances of a speedy recovery without a number of side effects. In professional terminology, the wound is called damage not only to the skin or mucous membrane, as is commonly believed among the inhabitants.
Organophosphate chemical compounds are part of the teeth, bones and various cells in the human body. It is phosphorus that makes the teeth and bone system strong and resistant to various types of loads. Without organophosphorus compounds (abbreviated FOS or FOV), the nervous system simply could not function properly.
With prolonged exposure to low temperatures, frostbite may occur. In most cases, this phenomenon is accompanied by general hypothermia of the body, which exacerbates the situation. First of all, minimally protected areas are affected - the face, ears, toes and hands. It is only natural that most people get frostbite in the cold season.
Today, a large number of industrial plants are operating, which are located near the sleeping areas. Some people work in such facilities and are exposed to hazardous chemicals every day. It has a special negative effect on the human body ammonia (hydrogen nitride), so you need to know about the scope of use, features and possible consequences of poisoning with a chemical.
The eye is a paired sensory organ of the human body. It provides the function of vision and significantly affects the quality of our lives. The organs are located in front of the head, "hidden" behind the eyelids and eyelashes. Traumatization of the eye, regardless of its nature, is accompanied by colossal pain, tearing, redness and decrease in visual acuity.
First aid - urgent implementation of complex therapeutic and preventive procedures. They are necessary in case of accidents, sudden illness or exacerbation of an existing disease. First aid is provided before the arrival of medical staff or before the victim is placed in a medical facility.
Cardiac asthma is an attack of asphyxia (suffocation) that occurs due to left ventricular failure. The main causes of cardiac asthma are diseases of the heart and blood vessels (heart disease, cardiosclerosis, hypertension). The attack may occur not only because of a disruption of the cardiovascular system, but also through the flow of viral infectious diseases in the body, insufficient blood circulation in the brain.
The problem of getting a foreign body in the nose is most often encountered by pediatric otolaryngologists. The process of knowledge of the world overly enthralls the baby and he is ready to shove everything into his nasal cavity that only comes to hand. In some cases, the stubbornness of a child can lead to injury or the need for hospitalization.
Spinal injury is a serious injury that requires emergency medical attention. Depending on its severity, it can lead to long-term or short-term paralysis or provoke irreversible complications and even death. The spinal cord begins at the base of the neck and passes through the back.
Most people take the respiratory system for granted. People with certain illnesses may experience breathing problems that they experience regularly. The embarrassing breathing process almost always requires emergency medical attention. The exception is a feeling of weakness from normal activities, such as exercise.
First aid for concussion should be provided immediately. Any delay threatens the deterioration of the victim’s well-being, as well as the development of a coma with the launch of physiologically irreversible processes. Despite the fact that the presented injury format is listed as one of the easiest types of brain damage, it should not be ignored when alarming symptoms are detected.
First aid in case of poisoning with carbon monoxide includes a rather simple algorithm of actions, which is subject to the power of even the average man far from medicine. The most important rule here concerns efficiency, since every second of being in an enclosed space with poisoned air reduces the chances of successful recovery without a lot of side effects.